Use of Computers in Fashion Designing
By: Vineet Kaushik
The world without computers seems to be lifeless now, the smallest of the things are now taking the form of computing and the programmes. In the world of fashion, designing & fashion designing computer is an inevitable tool.
Earlier the Fashion Designing was an art that basically work on hit and trial methods, the rectification need to be done after detecting a particular fault or variation from the desired style, but the thing are changed with the introduction of computers.
Now everything is weighed and calculated carefully before starting the production. This helps in prior allocation of the raw material, manpower and machines also we can predict the date of delivery and final shipment.
Computer has introduced the new method of designing, earlier the sketches that are made by hands were treated as final but now the final image of the order should be a proper digitized sketch which can electronically send via E-mails. This helped the designers to ease their work as any alteration in the order can be easily be made through.
Here I will discuss the use of computers in some of the fields associated with fashion.
Various prints like motifs, ethnic, floral, geometric, abstract, plaids, checks and polka dots are being used as prints on garments and accessories. All these prints are varied and colored in the different format and used at different location in varied sizes to make a complete design which appears aesthetically pleasing. All these became possible only because of the existence of computer in the field of fashion design & technology. There is software that can easily change the appearance of an existing design without starting the process from scratch and thus we can transfer the design easily. Also not only the computers are used in designing, but they are used in other management section of a fabric manufacturing unit like Product lifecycle Management and Enterprise Resource Planning.
One of the major crucial role of computers is in the designing of idea over the garment. The process of designing begins with brainstorming of inspirations through various modes like by making various board for example color board, theme board, design board.
These boards are much easy to make and edit on software rather than over papers and using the colors. The idea can be worked more thoroughly and in details. Designing with the help of computers can give more realistic picture of the final outcome also the chances of correction are very less as compared to other conventional methods.
Various software used for fashion designing includes: Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesing, Corel Draw, Poser.
Production process in fashion design is very crucial as it is the backbone of the industry. Without prodcution none of the design can reach their reality and the feasibility of the product can be defined after the product comes in hand.
Production earlier was a simple process and limited to local tailoring but with the increase in demand and variations in designs the production process entered into an automation world where the computers played a major role in its growth.
Various software that are used in production process includes Lecta, Optitex, Gerber.
The product finally produced needs to be sold in the market this is where fashion management comes into play. Management in the fashion field includes the inventory in the stores, logistics, the price range, the visual merchandising, the forecasting and much more. It is because of the management that the foreign market with top brands is entering in our country
To manage this big industry we need the persons who are equipped with the knowledge of computers and can manage the huge assortments at the tips of their computing ability.
Various software includes Microsoft Project Management, Open Proj.